Whether we teach the youngest students in the school or the oldest, there may be times of the year or certain groups of students who struggle with the behaviors and stamina building of Daily 5. We work with, speak about, and write extensively about barometer behaviors. Those are the behaviors that can dictate the weather in the classroom. We have developed varied strategies to support students who need to build stamina that allows the rest of the class to continue without disruption.
What happens when least desirable behaviors are not limited to merely a few students, but the majority of the class is struggling with building stamina or participating successfully in Daily 5? At the beginning of the year, when the newness of school has worn off, we sometimes hear that Daily 5 isn't working well. Some report a decline in behaviors around holidays or when weather keeps students cooped up inside. Here are three steps to get things back on track.
- Observe: From the time you release students from the gathering place as they go out into Daily 5, until stamina breaks, watch and observe what is happening.
- Analyze: During the observation time, pay careful attention to students' specific behaviors, along with when and where the least desirable behaviors are happening.
- Adjust: Most often when overall behaviors of the class are bumpy, it is because students didn't really become independent during the launch, or they may have simply forgotten the expectations.
For example, Janet Scott sent her first and second graders off for their first round of Daily 5. She noticed very few students chose a good spot for themselves. Stepping back to observe the class allowed her to analyze the behaviors and notice the challenge students were experiencing. Janet understood the majority of her students had not fully learned how to choose a spot where they could be successful and build stamina, nor could the children around them be successful and build stamina.
Instead of continuing, which would have resulted in practicing incorrectly, Janet went back to step 6 of the 10 Steps to Independence, and placed her students around the room. The result was a much more successful round of Daily 5 for the entire class. Through the process of observing and analyzing, Janet realized that her students had not experienced enough successful seating options and needed more support. She adjusted by backing up and once again placed students, teaching them the various available seating options. In doing so, she avoided being frustrated with students' behavior, understanding that they merely needed more instruction and practice.
Janet used reteaching and practice as her adjustment in the process. Other types of adjustments may be taking a different approach to the instruction of behaviors, reviewing the I-chart, having students model or practice again, slowing down the instruction, revisiting the 10 Steps to Independence, or even making a new anchor chart like the one pictured, which was created by Alyssa Christopher, a teacher at Plaza Vista School in Irvine, California.
As your students build stamina this fall, or if you find throughout the year that appropriate behaviors are waning, try this three-step process to help support your students so they become successfully independent.