1. Framework

Assess, instruct, and monitor student progress using this system, which provides tools for constructing whole-group, small-group, and individual lessons.


1.1 Build relationships: trust and respect

  • Teacher believes all students are capable and worthy.
  • Teacher provides opportunities for all students to develop their skills as independent learners.


1.2 Brain-compatible focus lessons

  • Lesson’s length equals age of students (age = min. For example, 8 yrs. = 8 min.).
  • One to four focus lessons taught daily, depending on curriculum

1.3 Length of sessions is based on student stamina

  • Teacher watches students; when stamina wanes, all students are called back.
  • Length of session is determined by student stamina.

1.4 Brain and body breaks

  • Teacher watches student behavior to determine when breaks are optimal.
  • Teacher provides opportunities for brief movement when needed to reset and refocus attention on learning.

1.5 Focused sharing

  • Students share their thinking and learning between sessions or at the end of the reading block.
  • Teacher keeps track to ensure everyone has the same opportunities to share.

1.6 Student choice

  • Students choose goal and strategy with teacher guidance.
  • Students choose a task to support their learning goal. Tasks are Read to Self, Work on Writing, Read to Someone, Listen to Reading, and Word Work.

1.7 Teacher choice

  • Teachers confer, meet with small groups, and assess during each session, based on conferring notes and students’ needs.

1.8 One to three sessions each day

  • Schedule allows for one–three sessions each day.
  • Sessions can be in one literacy block or divided throughout the day.

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